Types of Context Clues
Here’s an English Reading Tip for you about using context clues. Sure, you can use your dictionary to look up words you don’t know, but this is the easier (and better way). After all, you don’t always have a dictionary handy, especially when doing an English reading test of some kind like the TOEIC.
Context clues are hints in a text which can help you define any words you don’t know. Some common types of context clues are:
- Synonym or antonym
- Example or description
- Greek and Latin roots
Use the Dictionary Fewer Times when Reading
Use these clues when you come across a word you do not know to help you with your English reading. They will not help you 100% of the time, but most of the time, these are all you need. Clearly, the main benefit of using context clues is the amount of time you will save by not needing your dictionary so often.
Here’s How to Use Context Clues
So, when you see a new word, take these steps and see if you can’t figure out the definition yourself.
Finish reading the sentence. How does the word fit into the sentence? Can you guess the part of speech?
Read the word out loud. The pronunciation may give you a clue.
Read each syllable. Up to 75% of English is based on Greek and Latin. If you see a familiar syllable, it may be a Greek or Latin prefix (beginning), root (main part), or suffix (ending). This is not always true, and a single prefix or suffix may have different meanings.
Read the sentences before and after the sentence with the new word. One (or both) may have more information about that word. The sentence after an unusual word will often have the definition or an example.
Don’t Forget About Common Sense
Use your common sense. You have reread the sentence with the unknown word and the sentences before and after it. Then you’ve read the word aloud to hear the pronunciation. You have considered the most likely part of speech. What is your best guess about the meaning of the word? You may be wrong, of course, but you will probably get close enough to be able to continue reading.
After Reading, Use your Dictionary to Check your Guesses
Make a note of the word and your guess about the meaning and keep reading. When you have finished reading the text, look up the definition in your dictionary. Were you correct? Practice makes perfect; the more often you use context clues, the better you will get at it. And the more your English reading skills will improve. Sounds good, doesn’t it?
Need more English Reading Tips?
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